Divide and Conquer: Oat free Yankee Apple Crisp


I’ve been busy. It’s spring, which means yard cleanup, planting early spring crops, spring crafts, spring cleaning, and spring adventures (like my recent cluster of trips to the swamp looking for pussy willows…).

Mom finally got me some.

But you know how spring works- you start cleaning out your winter barrels to make room for fresh spring produce, and that usually means extra apples. What a perfect time for apple crisp!

Unfortunately, yankee apple crisp calls for oats, and due to avenin sensitive enteropathy, I cannot eat oats.

I threw together this lovely dish and baked it in my toaster oven! Here is our time-honored family recipe for apple crisp.



4c peeled, cored, and sliced apples (about 6)

3/4c brown sugar, packed

1/2c all purpose gf flour (any)

1/4c puffed quinoa or puffed millet

1/4 quinoa flakes/brown rice flakes

3/4tsp cinnamon

1/3c softened vegan butter, margarine, or coconut oil (You can even use unsweetened applesauce, but it won’t be as crunchy)


Preheat your toaster oven 375.

When peeling and preparing your apples, if you’re not quick or do not have help, you can put the apple pieces in cold water with a dash of lemon juice to keep them from browning.

Mix together your sugar, flour, puffs, flakes, and cinnamon. Then add your butter. The mix will be crumbly.

Drain your apples well and put them in an 8×8 or 9in. pie plate. Using your hands, sprinkle the sugar mix over the top, spreading it evenly.

Bake 30-45min. This will brown a little dark when using vegan butter or margarine, but if it starts to burn, you can simply cover it with foil or an oven safe lid. I BEGIN baking this with a lid on, and then halfway through, remove the lid so the top becomes crunchy (this is unnecessary if making it with applesauce instead of butter).

This is done when the inside apples are soft and are bubbling under the crumble. I use a toothpick or chop stick and stick it into the center to test the firmness of the apples.

Serve hot or cold.


HOW to be microwave free (Go Green)


Do you love your microwave as much as me? OOOO how I love my microwave. I like to cook ahead on days I feel motivated and then go days without cooking so I can craft and garden as I please and not worry about coming home a little too close to dinner and eating jelly beans like a famished child.

But as I mentioned in this post, we’re not all entirely sure if microwaves are safe or healthy. It’s true that wifi and the new smart meters give off more electromagnetic radiation than microwaves, but my take on the matter is that I have CONTROL over my microwave, and lessening my toxic burden is a good goal to have.

A lot of “science” indicates that microwaves are completely safe. I’m ok with that. But once upon a time, people used “science” to advocate smoking for weight loss. I rest my point.

Then there are pictures like this:

Yikes. Ok ok, so Mercola and everyone under the sun is suspicious of micros, but if you’re like me, you just give the FDA a big ole hug and pretend you’re friends just long enough to justify your avid micro use….until you realize that microwaves are toxic crap for a whole other reason.


E-waste, or electronic waste, if what happens to your electronic stuff when it dies. We KNOW that undoubtedly, your microwave was made of toxic crap, that undoubtedly, polluted the environment from it’s production and packaging (plastic too…*shudder*)…but when your microwave dies, old people and children in third world countries pick it apart for precious materials.

Hi, I don’t want to be a part of this.

I’m going to confess- I have not *completely* ditched my micro. I’m working on my transition. But I thought I would share my meager tips on how I’m accomplishing that goal.

Step 1- Learn to eat things cold. I LOVE cold salads- not just green salads, but Happy Herbivore’s assorted mock tuna, mock egg, and mock potato salad. This pasta salad is my favorite too. I’ve always liked cold baked beans on hot summer days, but lately I’ve been enjoying cold rice. DH LOVES raw artichoke, but I prefer mine steamed with balsamic vinaigrette.


Step 2- Boil/cook things stove top. I shudder at the idea that people cook things like potatoes, squash, and eggs in the microwave. I used to microwave my tea water, but now I boil it. A few small sized pans really do the trick.


Step 3- Invest in a double boiler. I use this to make my eczema cream (which is edible, but if you make things that aren’t, use a separate one), but I also use it to re-heat things that cannot have water added to them. Soup and beans can be heated stovetop in sauce pans, but double boilers would be good to reheat things like tofu scramble, stuffed peppers, mac and cheese, etc.


Step 4- Learn how to use a carafe or thermos in the home. When you boil tea water or make hot coffee, put it in an insulated container so it’s hot when you want more. This is a vintage glass-lined thermos, and it keeps morning coffee hot until dinner time.


Step 5- Get a convection toaster oven. I use this oven to bake in hot weather by sticking it outside with a grounded extension cord, and I use it to bake to conserve energy since it uses less energy than an oven. But these beauties are EXCELLENT for reheating food. In fact, one of my favorite things to make in my toaster oven is reheated (toasted) leftover muffins! Most convection ovens even have a “reheat” setting. When reheating food in a toaster oven, it’s good to put it in a casserole dish with a lid. Pyrex makes some awesome dishes for this. Not to mention that toaster oven reheated pizza is second to none! (unless you like it cold!)



I’m really interested in others’ tips and tricks to going micro free, so please feel free to leave tips in the comments below! Thanks for your help!

Hot porridge three ways


This is a continuation of my “oats are evil” rant. For more on that, see this post.

The long and the short of it is, I have avenin sensitive enteropathy from my Celiac disease, and I abstain from oats because they make me really ill. That being said, I have had to work out a lot of “oat” substitutions, because oats are a great source of protein and whole grain in a vegan diet.

I have tried a lot of rice and hot cereals, but by far, my favorite is Bob’s Redmill Mighty Tasty Hot cereal (my mom SWEARS by Arrowhead Mill’s Rice and Shine Original). Bob’s, however, is made of brown rice, corn, buckwheat, and amaranth, which I appreciate because it adds diversity to my diet and they’re whole grains.

This porridge is really versatile and is perfect for THIS Irish girl in cold, damp, Maine springs. I’ve made it two ways here, but the possibilities are as numerous as oatmeal. I think though, that the difference you’ll find is that oatmeal has more of a wheat like flavor, and the corn in this makes it a bit more buttery tasting.

Begin by making this porridge as directed. You bring 3 1/4 cup water to a boil, then stir in your porridge. Whisk it. Then, you will add your additional ingredients before turning down the heat and covering it to simmer.

For pink berry porridge, add 1-2c mixed berries (we get a frozen package at the dollar store that is just strawberries, black berries, and raspberries), 1tsp vanilla extract, and 1/4c maple syrup. You can add a pinch of cardamom to this if you’re feeling jazzy. Stir in well before covering.

For peach porridge, add 1-2c sliced peaches, either fresh or frozen, 1/4-1/2c maple syrup (the peaches aren’t as sweet as the berries), 2tsp vanilla, and a few liberal dashes of cinnamon.

For blueberry porridge, add 1-2c fresh or frozen blueberries, 1tsp vanilla, 1/4c maple syrup, a few liberal dashes of cinnamon and a pinch of ginger, or 1/4tsp lemon zest.



My SUPER lazy spring Waldorf table and non-Easter goodies


There it is. In all it’s glory. Just as I finished my plastic rant- but hear me out.

See, some of these clever things were salvaged from random places by my mom! Oh how my son loves these. Clockwise from the left we have a wind-up chick and a rabbit finger puppet, a bucket and shovel, a watering can, a fake flower in a pot and some polished stones, a candle with birds on it with the felted bee from last year, and some binoculars.

My son just turned 3 and he has Sensory Processing disorder, so he still requires a very hands-on Waldorf table that stimulates him. Every day I prepare for this thing to be emptied and strew about. That’s the point. Waldorf tables aren’t like bouquets, meant to be admired and smelled delicately. They’re learning experiences that help children understand their place in the universe and the abstract concept of time. By arranging Waldorf tables, we are teaching children time indicators, natural phenomenons, life skills, art skills, and so much more.

Last year’s Waldorf table was nothing to sneeze at- it had wildcrafted and homemade goods. Check it out here.

waldorf tableBut that’s ok. I get the Mom of the Year award this season for bringing home *this guy*

IMG_7281More on that later.

(Side note- don’t EVER EVER EVER buy a pet as a gift. This time of year bunnies and guinea pigs are bought as pets for Easter because people underestimate their challenges and care, and so many of them wind up in shelters. Please consider buying stuffed animals instead!)

Anyway, now that my son is ridiculously hands on, we also scrounged up some great spring goodies that were laying dormant in his closet, and others that we acquired through the grandmother, or otherwise. Check them out:


The rake came from the mart, and the corn broom came from Ebay. Both were very inexpensive but they allow the little helper to participate at home and in the garden.


All of these items can be found at the dollar store and are great for encouraging outside play, but also for indoor play on rainy spring days.

Those stones, by the way, are too big for him to swallow. He’s not likely to do something that stupid because he’s 3, but you never know…If your child is small, use common sense when choosing items within reach that are small enough to go in their mouth.


Literature is key to learning, and I’ve included some board books, one of which is by Eric Carle. If you haven’t done an art unit with your kiddos on Eric Carle, you simply must! The frisbie is a great skill that little ones love to learn to play pass, and the frog (which hops as your pull it) is by Melissa and Doug.


My son is obsessed with Thomas and we found this great book about bees, so we pulled out the felted bee I made last year for pretend. Also you’ll see a finger puppet from Whole Foods, a maraca egg, the wind up chick, a rubbery bean-filled salamander, a rubber frog, a bird whistle from Bella Luna toys, the binoculars, and a lady-bug clacker.






This fishing pole and fish are magnetic and can be purchased through Pea Pod toys. The net was a yardsale score, but you could easily make one with an embroidery hoop and an onion bag.


We don’t usually buy Eastery toys, but grandma bought this adorable set that we couldn’t resist!

Other spring Waldorf ideas are linked in the site, so here are a few photos and the links back to their original page:


Hand carved Ostheimer figures

Hand carved Ostheimer figures

And in closing, Earth Day is on the 22nd, which is less than a week from now!!!!!!!!

earth day

The thing I want everyone to know and talk about…


Created by The New School in New York City for Sexual Assault Awareness Month

I want to talk about consent.

The reason this is a homesteading issue is because a lot of people who homestead come from a strong religious background, or are isolated, and there is a correlation between lack of consent and conservative relationships and marriages, and also between isolated codependent relationships.

That, and every two minutes, a woman is raped. One. In. Five…are raped in the US in their lifetime.

That means that if you are sitting in a room with your gram, your mother, your sister, and your daughter, ONE OF YOU HAS LIKELY BEEN RAPED.

Disgusting as it seems, until recently, the dialogue surrounding rape and consent has been predominantly women-centered in that women are either blamed or women are expected to bare the burden of consent. “Are you sure you didn’t just change your mind?” (ring a bell?)

While this dialogue is very focused on women, its also fair to point out that men are raped (and violated outside of rape) too, and these concerns and recommendations aren’t gender specific. I actually have a personal opinion that men have an entirely separate additional trauma from rape because they also have the shame that comes with being perceived as “less manly” from being a victim, which is coupled with rampant homophobia. I’d be open to dialogues about how when women are raped, they feel less womanly and more manly or are accused of being a lesbian, but the truth is, they just…aren’t. Mostly because women are predominantly raped by men (and we sexually objectify lesbianism in our culture).

Now…Let’s talk about consent. Watch this video on why consent is THE BEST.

Being married doesn’t mean you can’t say no. Being in a relationship doesn’t mean you can’t say no. Being in the same family doesn’t mean you can’t say no.

What is consent?

Consent means that both people in a sexual encounter must agree to it, and either person may decide at any time that they no longer consent and want to stop the activity.

Consenting to one behavior does not obligate you to consent to any other behaviors. Consenting on one occasion also does not obligate you to consent on any other occasion.

Consenting means only that at this particular time, you would like to engage in this particular sexual behavior. -Source

A sexual encounter includes ANYTHING THAT YOU WOULDN’T DO TO YOUR MOTHER. Use your imagination.

Sexual consent is not the absence of no, but it is the presence of YES!

This means that if you begin intimacy with your partner, you can decide to stop. This means that if you don’t want your partner grabbing your breast while you’re cooking dinner, you don’t have to allow it. You don’t have to like or want any type of touching or sexual encounter- which includes dialogue. You don’t have to allow someone to talk to you sexually in certain ways (or any way) if you don’t want.

And also, it doesn’t mean that if you show a sexual advance and the person does something back, that it’s a green light for everything else. This means that if you reach up someone’s shirt, and they go under yours with their hand, it doesn’t necessarily mean that sex is on the table.

That brings us to the idea of PERSONHOOD. What is personhood?

Personhood is a word that is often used in feminist dialogues when discussing equality. At it’s very core, personhood is what separates people from animals. People having a pro-choice or pro-life debate often discuss personhood in reference to a fetus’s right to exist and/or continue existence. Feminists use personhood to describe why women should have equal rights, ranging from reproductive freedom stemming from family planning or right to choice, to equal pay, to equal voting rights, to equal rights in the workplace, and so on and so forth. In this matter, personhood refers to a person’s right to their own body, and to make choices and have a voice about their own body.

A woman has a right to choose who touches her body, when, and their intent. She has a right to her opinion about it. She has a right to change her mind about it. She has a right to be free of shame for her sexuality. She has a right to equal treatment irregardless of her sexuality. In short, a woman is equal to all other people.

Therefore, ask yourself- is consent clear to me in the following situations?:

1. You go to the same bed with your partner at night and you want to spoon

2. Your partner is in the shower and you want to join

3. A piece of popcorn has fallen on your partner’s lap or in their shirt and you want to retrieve it

4. You’re excited and want to pick up your partner

5. You notice your partner is feeling down and want to give them a hug

6. Your partner has been drinking or doing drugs and you want to be intimate

7. Your partner is asleep and you want to have foreplay or touch intimately

8. Your partner has put on attractive clothing and you want to touch them on their bottom

9. You want to be intimate and begin foreplay and begin to kiss your partner deeply

10. Your partner climbs on top of you and pressing their body against yours

You’ll see in these body-touching situations, that implied consent may be a real factor. But is it? Have you had a dialogue with your partner about how you touching their body makes them feel? I, myself, have broached the subject out of necessity and to make it clear that in the absence of consent, I actually was not giving consent- not giving consent to be picked up, not giving consent for a person’s hand to be in my clothing in the  living area of my apartment, and even not to be asked to be in a person’s lap. Why? Because this is my body and I don’t feel good being touched in those ways. And that’s ok :)

This isn’t cause for discouragement, of course. Your partner and yourself might have an understanding of implied consent, which might mean that you trust your partner to use proper judgment for kissing, hugging, light fondling, or even sexual initiation. That is WONDERFUL. But maybe you need to be in a different type of relationship, in which you build that type of trust and judgment, or maybe you never want to be in that type of relationship. You have a RIGHT to dictate when your body is being touched or more- and the only thing that says about you as a person is that you have a preference. No other judgments should be had.

Consent…can be sexy.

Here are a list of your sexual rights.

Go Green pt.5: Think about plastic (a plastic escape plan)

crap products

I’ve written this post every day since Friday. I feel really torn. “Is this too big of a step?” I asked myself. “Is this too hard?” Not only is this a complicated and loaded subject, but it is one of the most multifaceted and pervasive. So this weeks’ green challenge can be either one of three choices, or the first choice and then the second and third choice. It’s completely up to you.

The first is to seek out an alternative to buy for the next thing you want or need that is plastic. An example of this would be to go buy wooden hangers instead of plastic ones.

The second step or option is to purge an entire room (and then your house?) of everything you don’t need or want that is plastic.

And the third option or step is to choose a room (and then your entire house?) and replace as many things as you can that you need and use, with plastic free alternatives.

Before I go any further, please do your best to recycle or donate anything you get rid of. If you are deeply conflicted about someone using your plastic Tupperware and getting sick from it, then you can recycle it :)

Back in 2008, I did something really radical and I got rid of everything plastic in my kitchen. I mean EVERYTHING. Six years ago, this was considered really paranoid and strange. I should clarify that I DONATED everything, but took the radical activism even further and REFUSED TO BUY REPLACEMENTS. Why? Because I only had four stove burners and two hands, and how much kitchen stuff do I really need? You’re going to see how quickly the idea of minimalism folds into this plastic escape plan…

But I digress.

Plastic…is toxic $hit. Why? Because its made of highly toxic chemicals that cause cancer and infertility. If you don’t believe me, there’s endless amounts of info on the internet. It pollutes the planet during production, poisons us when we use it, and then kills animals who eat it. As it degrades, it leaks those toxic pollutants back into the water and soil, and it takes millions of years to break down.

One thing you might NOT have thought of is all the things that contain plastic. Tupperware is a no brainer- but did you know that plastic is in your shampoo, your sneakers, lining tin cans, your clothing, packaging ALL of your food, and even what your PIPES are made of? It’s everywhere, and that should terrify you. Because it’s toxic.


Yes, those are BPA free plastic lids, but they’re a great alternative for airtight storage that can be uncovered and reheated in the toaster oven

So where do you begin? Stop shopping. Ok ok, stop shopping the same way you used too- try alternative markets and thrift shops. My favorite place to shop is lifewithoutplastic.com, but alternatives to things can be found in the least likely places- even The Walmart. I hate The Walmart. I’ll go without before giving my money to a company that treats it’s employees the way it does.

This blogger is a plastic free activist, who has a LOT of great ideas, and wrote an amazing book that I highly recommend.

At first it’s kind of hard- I’ll admit that I’m still using plastic bottled shampoo because none of the natural, plastic-free alternatives have worked for my extremely long and fine porous hair. But I make my own toothpaste, my own laundry soap and dish soap, many of my own gifts, and I buy in bulk. I’ve made a list by room or things that can be replaced with plastic free alternatives.

Here is the basic hierarchy:

1. Determine if you actually need it (re: can it be fixed?)

2. DIY (do it yourself)

3. Buy or barter used

4. Buy sustainable, minimal packaging, plastic free or near plastic free

5. Buy from recycled plastic

6. Buy from plastic that can be recycled


Here are ideas-

Bathroom: (see this post here for an extensive list, including shampoo, soap, razors, toothpaste, deodorant, mouthwash, floss, toothbrushes, brushes, feminine hygiene, and more)

natural products

Laundry room:

Laundry soap: DIY or use soap nuts

Fabric softener: Use wool laundry balls or put 1/2c vinegar in your rinse cycle

Whitening: Use peroxide or extra washing powder

Stains: Peroxide or soaking



Viewing: Rent DVD’s or get Netflix, get music digitally

Appliances (vacuum etc.): Buy used or repair broken ones

Furniture: Buy used and not prefab., bamboo, pine, etc.

Carpets: Buy natural fiber or used, rag rugs, etc.

Textiles (curtains, etc.): Buy organic or natural fiber, diy from natural fibers, or get used



Clothes: Buy natural fibers instead of nylon, poly fabrics, and fleece (yes, your clothes are plastic), or buy used (I LOVE consignment shops), or diy/upcycle

Books: Buy used or on kindle, or borrow from the library

Shoes: Buy hemp or latex shoes and flip flops, Tom’s, and other sustainable brands

Appliances: Go for vintage like old metal fans, old metal alarm clocks, etc.

Furniture: Look for cedar chests, local pine furniture, bamboo, or used

Bedding: Vintage quilts and DIY quilts are GORGEOUS! (but in case you don’t know how and can’t find any, check Etsy or look for natural fibers)

Mattress: Natural latex mattresses don’t off-gas, and I can’t recommend used here because of bed bugs and mattresses degrade

Pillows: buckwheat (not wheat- it’s gluten free) hull pillows are amazing and highly recommended, but I’ve heard of upcyclers making their own with rag stuffing (it’s cruelty free)

Hangers: Buy metal or wooden, hang less

IMG_7276 Kitchen:

Appliances: If you can (re: if you’re not gluten free or have food allergies), buying used is best, but this area is hard for finding non-plastic appliances (most percolators are mostly plastic free)

Most pots and pans are not plastic

Storage: Use mason jars, Lunch Bots stainless steel, Pyrex with BPA lids, Weck jars, Crate and Barrel jars with rubber seals, etc.

Plastic wrap: Bees wraps or other beeswax wraps, tin-foil, parchment

Home Lunches: Tiffins, planet box, lunch bots, or reusable sandwich bags

Water bottles: stainless steel, glass, mason jars, ecojarz lids

Straws: Glass or paper

Spices: Buy in bulk and refill your jars or buy Frontier brand in glass jars (including vanilla)

Cereal/granola/beans/rice/flour/sugar/etc: Buy in bulk

Tea: Buy in bulk to reduce plastic packaging

Other: DIY baked goods, including waffles and bread

Dishes: Use ceramic or glass, and for children, I get metal camping dishes

Go to the farmer’s market where berries are in berry boxes, cheese and tofu are sold without packaging, and produce is sold individually and without stickers

These are great for sending people home leftovers too!

These washed out containers are great for sending people home with leftovers too!

Other clever ideas:
Instead of buying new furniture, consider transforming waste-stream furniture. Our tv stand/entertainment center is a transformed dresser.

Instead of buying plastic storage containers to organize cupboards and closets, use clemetine boxes or cardboard/shoe boxes covered in cloth or paper.

Learn basic hand-stitching and use felt to make things you need- I’ve made a glasses case and an ipod cover out of ecofelt (it’s made from recycled plastic). Felt things can make great toys too.

Fall in love with baskets- they are awesome for organization and thrift shops usually have an abundance of them for cheap.

Join Freecycle- its a great way to pass on items you don’t need and to score things you do.

A lot of dry goods from healthfood stores are coming in plastic re-sealable bags- wash them out and reuse them for times when mason jars and stainless steel containers would be too bulky or heavy (like stashing sliced fruit in your purse/bag). I also like to use things like plastic flour bags to put my produce in at the store to replace the plastic bags they offer- this is a good idea if you don’t know how to sew your own mesh produce bags.

Join pinterest. You’ll catch the DIY bug soon enough….

Attend workshops and read a lot- I’ve learned all of the skills I have written about here simply by READING and OBSERVING!

The ipod cover I made

The ipod cover I made

Soaking, sprouting, and fermenting for gut recovery


I ousted oats from my diet just recently when I discovered that I had Avenin Sensitive Enteropathy. This proved to be a terrible obstacle for me, since I enjoy baking with oats and oat flour for their elasticity. I have been working to convert some of my favorite recipes that contain oats, to healthier and safer recipes.

Additionally, I have been working harder to soak and ferment more of my food. I haven’t reached the stage of sprouting because I don’t grind my own grain and I don’t eat a lot of raw foods (raw foods are hard on the gut and the latest research suggests that our body requires cooking of many foods to make their vitamins more accessible for absorption. Dr. McDougall posted a speaker to his site here). Sprouting seeds is a process, and particular seeds are bought for sprouting.

As far as fermenting goes, every year we make pickles, and I also make this gluten free vegan sourdough.Believe it or not, making homemade yogurt is considered fermenting. I’m not into the water-keffir fad yet however, or kombucha, both of which are fermented.

I’m very interested in sprouted and soaked flours, however. I did some research and found some amazing gluten free sprouted flour companies!

The first one I found was To Your Health Sprouted Flour Co. They say on their site, “Our new GLUTEN-FREE facility is open. We offer 12 gluten-free sprouted grains and flours! All of our sprouted gluten-free products are Elisa tested to ensure 10 ppm or less gluten.” They literally have EVERYTHING!

The second site I found was by Shiloh Farms, and they have a line called “Pure Living Sprouted Products”, which contains 11 different sprouted flours. They too are certified gluten free and test to be under 10ppm. Their products are also found through Vitacost.

I don’t have a cupboard full of these lovely flours, so I had to read up on how to soak my things. I prefer not to post the links to those sites, because while I had some odd questions answered, the authors are predominantly WAP followers (re: Sally Fallon groupies) and I don’t want to give their bad science any blog traffic.

So here’s the long and the short of it. All grains, nuts, seeds, and beans can be soaked. You can use yogurt or apple cider vinegar. You can soak your grains, strain and rinse them, and dehydrate them, or you can cook them. Soaking times vary depending on the food. I wrote a post on beans and how to soak and cook them, and cooking soaked rice is pretty much the same ratio to water, cook time, and method as regular unsoaked rice.

Flours are different though. I don’t exactly want to soak or sprout grains and grind them, nor do I want to soak flours and dehydrate them. There’s a shortcut. You can add your yogurt and wet ingredients to your flour and let them sit in a bowl, covered, in a warm place,  just like you would soak grains or beans. I added yogurt to this cookie recipe when there was none, and it turned out just fine. If you’re worried about liquid, you can reduce the amount of water or milk and replace the amounts with yogurt, or do half yogurt and half liquid. It didn’t make a difference that my flour had other additives like roots (tapioca and potato), which don’t have to be soaked. I also love Happy Herbivore, but too many of her recipes have oats in them, which I cannot have. So I have been adapting some of them, and this one just happened to be on her site:

Happy Herbivore’s Butter Bean Cookies, Adapted for soaked flours and oat elimination:

In a bowl, add:

1/2c brown rice flour, 1/4c potato starch, 1/4c tapioca starch, 1/2t xanthan gum (all purpose flour mix)

1/4c plain yogurt (I use homemade soy yogurt)

1/4c unsweetened applesauce

Mix well until all flour is moist, adding a tablespoon or so more of yogurt if needed. Cover with a plate or lid, and let sit 7-12hrs. You can sub the flour mix for any all purpose flour blend.

Add to the mix:

1c quinoa flakes* (I use Ancient Harvest brand which are small flakes and don’t require pulsing in the food processor)

1tsp baking powder

1/2tsp baking soda

1/4tsp cinnamon

1/8tsp cardamon

1/2c demerara sugar or sucanat (I use sucanat which is Dr. McDougall approved)

Mix well.

Then in a food processor, add 1/2c cooked/canned old navy** (white) beans and 2T of the bean juice or water with 1/2 tsp vanilla extract (I use Frontier alcohol free, which is vegan/halal). Pulse the beans until they’re mooshed. Alternatively, you can do this with a fork.

Add this mix to your dry ingredients with 1/2c chocolate chips (some Ghirardelli chips are gluten free and vegan).

Make two dozen balls that are approximately a heaping tablespoon. Smoosh them with your hand into cookie shapes- you can moisten your hand with water if the dough is sticking to it.

Cook on parchment at 350 until the edges of the cookies turn golden brown. The cookies won’t turn completely golden like other cookies, so once the edges start to turn golden, pull these out, lest they become hockey pucks, and cool them on a rack.

*Quinoa flakes are cooked and don’t require soaking

**Side note: Butter beans are canned white lima beans, and I don’t prefer to use them here.